Published April 2009 Vol. 13 Issue 3
A much-anticipated report gauging how American communities deal with their homeless will likely be released by summer 2009. Every two years the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) and the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty (NLCHP) publish a joint study documenting trends in U.S. cities toward the criminalization of homelessness.
In recent years, cities across the nation have increasingly passed stricter vagrancy laws that ban activities such as sleeping or sitting in public spaces, eating in public places and begging or panhandling. Denver joined the growing ranks of cities making it tougher to be homeless three years ago when it began enforcing new ordinances to curb panhandling downtown and along the 16th Street Mall.
According to the NCH’s ‘A Dream Denied,’ a report which studied cities nation-wide, between 2002 and 2007 there was a:
12% increase laws prohibiting begging in certain public places
18% increase in laws that prohibit aggressive panhandling
14% increase in laws prohibiting sitting or lying in certain public spaces
3% increase in laws prohibiting loitering or loafing
Michael Stoops, the Director of NCH, confirmed that although they haven’t finished compiling all the data yet, in their preliminary research NCH sees the trend toward criminalization continuing.